INFLUENCE OF GAMBLING IMPULSE AND SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS ON VIOLENCE TENDENCY AMONG GAMBLERS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS

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Ozoemena Festus
Okechukwu Groupson Paul

Abstract

The study explored the influence of gambling impulse and socio-demographic factors on
violence tendency among gamblers in Enugu metropolis. Adopting the cross-sectional
survey design, two hundred and ninety-one (291) participants were recruited by
employing purposive sampling technique. Participants’ age ranged from 16 to 46 years
with mean age of 22.07 years and SD of 3.82. Also, male gamblers were 259 (89.0) while
32 (11.0%) were females. In the process of investigating study variables, the Gambling
Urge Scale (GUS) and Attitudes Toward Violence Scale (ATV) were employed as
measuring instruments and the two hypotheses proposed were tested using linear and
multiple regression statistics. The result showed that gambling impulse significantly
predicted violence tendency such that participants with high level of violence tendency
reported more violent disposition than their counterparts with low gambling impulse.
This was evident in the confirmation of the first hypothesis (β = 0.16; t = 2.74; P<0.05).
Whereas, the second hypothesis which stated that socio-demographic factors will jointly
influence violence tendency among participants was not confirmed F (3,290) = 0.79;
p>0.05. In line with the findings, implications centered around urgent need for a robust
sensitization among gamblers for them to understand the danger which gambling
portends, while recommendations was on increasing access to effective prevention
strategies, engaging youths with skills acquisitions and meaningful enterprise that will
redirect the negative energy of gambling.

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Author Biographies

Ozoemena Festus

Ozoemena Festus, Dept. Agric Science Education, Enugu State College of Education (Technical), Enugu

Okechukwu Groupson Paul, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ikwo, Ebonyi State Nigeria

Okechukwu Groupson Paul PhD, Dept of Political Science, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ikwo, Ebonyi State Nigeria

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